SUFFIX and PREFIX
নবম ও দশম শ্রেণির ইংরেজি দ্বিতীয় পত্রে গ্রামার অংশের ৮ নম্বর প্রশ্নে রয়েছে Suffix Prefix.
Prefix : Pre মানে before আর fix মানে সাঁটা অর্থাৎ word এর পূর্বে কিছু যোগ করে নতুন শব্দ তৈরি করাকে Prefix বলে। Prefix কে বাংলায় উপসর্গ বলা হয়।
Prefix দ্বারা নতুন অর্থপূর্ণ শব্দ, বিশেষ করে Noun I adjective গঠন করা হয়।
Suffix : Word-এর পরে বসে Parts of Speech-এর পরিবর্তন ঘটায় Suffix. Suffix-কে বাংলায় প্রত্যয় বলা হয়। Suffix যোগ করে Verb, adjective এবং Adverb গঠন করা হয়। নিচে কিছু নমুনা দেওয়া হলো—
[Complete the text adding suffixes, prefixes or both with the underlined root words] .
1. Our (a) — (free) — fighters are the real heroes of our country. We should remember them
(b) — (respect) — as they sacrificed their lives for the (c) — (liberate) — of our (d) — (loved) — motherland. It is a matter of great regret that most of them are (e) — (marked) — and our younger generation knows (f) — (hard) — about their (g) — (chivalry) — struggle. Yet today many of the real (h) — (free) — fighters have not been found out and (i) — (establish) —. Some of them live in extreme (j) — (poor) —.
2. The dead (a) — (war) — was brought before the widow. She stood beside the dead body. She was
(b) — (speech) because she was (c) — (whelmed) — with grief. All standing around the dead body
(d) — (called) — the good qualities of her husband. But she was still standing (e) — (moved) —. She
burst into tears when her child was given onto her lap. She wept (f) — (bitter) — thinking of the (g) — (fortune)— of her child as it had become (h) — (father) — . She also felt proud of her husband’s (i) — (hero) —. Her husband embraced (j) — (martyr) — .
3. (a) — (Achieve) the proper mental (b) — (fit) is not a one-day-task. No one born 100% (c) —
(psychology) fit. Just as the body parts develop and grow, psychological fitness and maturity is achieved (d) — (gradual). The experiences in (e) — (child) contribute (f) — (large) towards the sound growth of mental abilities. That is why it is told that no one is born with (g)— (born) behavioral patterns, all what we have is acquired and (h) — (learn). Proper attention and care in the childhood will help kids to grow fit and sound. Psychological fitness of kids is absolute necessity as it is degree of (i) — (emotion) growth
that determines the character, career and emotional balances of the person throughout the life. Parents
can’t just feel the duties accomplished by growing the children physically, (j) — (health), but have to groom the kids emotionally and psychologically.
4. Man can have (a) — (popular) by means of service to people. People in power can have honour. But this
honour will not last long if their behavour is not good. When common people are (b) — (mental) hurt
by their (c) — (behaviour), usually they do not express their feeling in front of them. But they make (d) — (criticize) of their manners and
(e) — (regard) them later. Good deeds and behaviour (f) — (noble)
a person. His (g) — (praise) activities (h) — (dear) him to everyone. He does not (i) — (heart) people. On the contrary, he works for the (j) — (satisfy) of the desires of the people.
5. To maintain peace in this world, we need universal (a) — (brother) — In this world there are (b) —
(differ) — religions like Islam, Christianity, Hinduism, (c) — (Buddha) — etc. (d) — (friend) —
among the (e) — (believe) — of different religions can play an important role to drive away
(f) — (trust) — and (g) — (concept) — about different religions. We should prefer (h) — (man) — to religious differences. A person who is (i) — (true)— aware of his own religion can never
(j) — (like) — the believers of other religions.
1. (a) freedom (b) respectfully
(c) liberation (d) beloved
(e) unmarked (f) hardly
(g) chivalric (h) freedom
(i) established (j) poverty.
2. (a) warrior (b) speechless
(c) overwhelmed (d) recalled
(e) unmoved (f) bitterly
(g) misfortune (h) fatherless
(i) heroism (j) martyrdom
3. (a) Achieving (b) fitness
(c) psychologically (d) gradually (e) childhood (f) largely
(g) inborn (h) learnt (i) emotional (j) healthy
4. (a) popularity (b) mentally
(c) misbehaviour (d) criticism
(e) disregard (f) ennoble
(g) praiseworthy (h) endear
(i) dishearten (j) satisfaction
5. (a) brotherhood (b) different (c) Buddhism (d) Friendship
(e) believers (f) distrust
(g) misconception (h) human
(i) truly (j) dislike.